Full text of "Report"
3oston School Comrn.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SI 1ENDENT
STON PU: LIC SCH I 3
1955-58 ? Hi 3 &
Aa , 1^7
Of The Superintendent
Boston Public Schools
Of The Superintendent
Boston Public Schools
i i* A
JOHN P. McMORROW
TIMOTHY J. McINERNEY
Boston, October 1, 1957.
To the School Committee:
I respectfully submit the seventy-fifth annual report
of the Superintendent of Public Schools.
The report covers the school year ending August 31,
Dennis C. Haley,
Superintendent of Public Schools.
ORGANIZATION OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE
SCHOOL COMMITTEE OF THE CITY OF BOSTON
John P. McMorrow, Chairman
William F. Carr Joseph Lee
George F. Hurley Atty. Timothy J. McInerney
OFFICERS OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE
Dennis C. Haley, Superintendent
Frederick J. Gillis Frank J. Herlihy
D. Leo Daley William H. Ohrenberger
Philip J. Bond Marguerite G. Sullivan
Agnes E. Reynolds, Secretary
Leo J. Burke, Business Manager
James S. Reardon, Schoolhouse Custodian
Charles B. McMackin, Engineer
Thomas C. Heffernan
Administrative Assistant to the Superintendent
BOARD OF EXAMINERS
Ralph M. Corson, Chief Examiner
Francis J. Roland
Mary I. Colwell
DIRECTORS OF DEPARTMENTS
Charles E. Schroeder .
John M. Canty
Agnes K. Brennan
Joanna T. Daly
Elizabeth H. Gilligan
Mary W. Cauley .
Francis J. Emery .
Frances R. Sullivan
Daniel D. Tierney, Jr.
Joseph McKenney .
Mercedes E. O'Brien .
Martin H. Spellman, M.D.
Eleanor D. Westfall .
A. ISABELLE TlMMINS
Helen F. Cummings
Joseph A. Hennessey .
Adult Educational and
. Business Education
. Fine Arts
Practice and Training
A udio- Visual Instruction
BUREAU OF CHILD ACCOUNTING
Mary B. Cummings, Director . Educational Investigation
Maurice J. Downey, Director . . Vocational Guidance
Charles J. Lynch, Head . . . Statistics and Publicity
Mary E. MacSwiney, Head . Pupil Adjustment Counseling
Henry F. Barry, Head Supervisor . . . Attendance
SPECIALIZED INSTRUCTION OR SERVICE
Regina I. Driscoll, Assistant in Charge
Conservation of Eyesight
Timothy F. Regan, Supervisor . . . Licensed Minors
Pauline Ehrlich, Assistant in Charge . Lip Reading Classes
Mary H. Stroup, Supervisor . . Home Instruction to
Physically Handicapped Children
Louis L. DeGiacomo, Supervisor Safety
Elizabeth Burrage, Librarian . . Administration Library
During the school year of 1956-1957, plans for improvements
and advances in many areas were successfully culminated in accord
with the traditional aim of the Boston Public Schools to provide
the best in education for the children and the adults of the city.
Expansion and enrichment of the educational program at all levels
was enhanced by the progress made in modernizing existing school
buildings and constructing new units to replace obsolete structures
or to serve new centers of population. Here are some of the major
accomplishments of 1956-1957:
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE
Four new elementary schools, one eight-room addition to an
elementary school, and a junior high school gymnasium completed
and in use.
Construction work begun on the Boston Trade High School
addition and three elementary schools.
Preparation of plans and securing of land authorized and in
process for six more building projects: a new technical high school;
addition of a gymnasium for a district high school; three new ele-
mentary schools; and an eight-room addition to an elementary
Four new play areas constructed adjacent to existing school
Fifty-eight major maintenance projects completed as part of
Preparation and trial of revised Course of Study for Elementary
Schools, Grades I, II, and III, completed.
Five additional Remedial Read-
ing Classes organized to bring total
number to thirty-six in elementary
New report cards adopted for
Cumulative records introduced
in Kindergarten through Grade III
as first step toward use through
Grade IX by September, 1963.
JUNIOR AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
Citizenship Education made a required course in Grade IX.
Standardization of all courses in Grades VII through IX com-
Course in Practical Nursing instituted at Trade High School
English High School Annex established in the Boston Clerical
Amateur radio station W1BTS placed in operation at the
Boston Trade High School Annex.
Five awards and four scholarships received by Boston Public
High School students in 1957 National Scholastic Art Competition
Scholarships to the value of $200,000 awarded to 660 Boston
high school graduates of the Class of 1957.
CURRICULUM AND IMPROVEMENT OF INSTRUCTION
Twenty-two revisions of courses of stud}' completed and ap-
Method of selecting and purchasing textbooks improved.
Second annual series of in-service courses to aid in the detection
and correction of juvenile delinquency conducted for all instruc-
In-service training program inaugurated for women teachers
in the Department of Physical Education.
Series of workshops conducted for the first time for junior high
school teachers of Art.
Evacuation Procedure Program
and In-school Shelter Program com-
pleted for all schools and classes;
Civil Defense Committee of teach-
ers appointed to prepare manual
containing information, directives,
and drill procedures for all schools.
Science boxes organized for distribution in connection with the
following new units in General Science: Nuclear Energy, Chemistry
in Everyday Life, A Study of Radar, How Radiant Energy Serves
Mankind, and How Science Discoveries Have Helped Body's De-
fenses Against Harmful Bacteria.
Refresher courses given for candidates taking special February
examinations for teaching certificates in specific areas in which short-
Expansion and reorganization of Division of Pupil Adjustment
Reorganization of Speech Improvement Classes and adoption
of new procedures to emphasize classroom speech therapy.
Administration of 416,306 intelligence and achievement tests by
Department of Investigation and Measurement.
More than 100,000 poliomyelitis vaccine inoculations given;
immunization completed for 73,705 pupils.
Program and facilities of Department of Adult Educational and
Recreational Activities served 139,391 citizens and 558 organizations.
Golden Jubilee observed by Boston Home and School Associ-
On-the-job Training provided for 360 Korean veterans in 283
Nursery class established at the Horace Mann School for the
School sessions suspended to permit 3,800 teachers and ad-
ministrators to visit 133 participating business houses and industrial
plants in first service-wide observance of Business-Education Day.
In 1956 and 1957 seven new
building units opened their doors
to receive pupils. These were the
first units to be completed under
the $50,000,000 long-range con-
struction program initiated in 1953
to replace thirty-eight old buildings
and to supply modern plant facili-
ties in new centers of population.
The present master plan provides
for the completion of this program
To date $16,076,767.67 has been made available from three
bond issues of $5,000,000 each, totaling $15,000,000; income of
$237,316.04 from sale of land and buildings; and $839,451.63 from
tax levies. This sum has been applied to eighteen projects, including
twelve new buildings and six additions. Three of the new buildings
have been planned to serve new population areas, and nine to replace
thirteen existing structures.
In 1956 and 1957 the following seven units were completed
and placed in use:
Eight-room addition, James J. Chittick Elementary School, Hyde Park.
Columbia Point Elementary School, Dorchester, capacity 1010.
Eight-room addition, Curtis Guild Elementary School, East Boston.
Patrick O'Hearn Elementary School, Dorchester, capacity 305.
Elementary School, Needham Road, Hyde Park, capacity 445.
Elihu Greenwood Elementary School, Hyde Park, capacity 470.
Gymnasium, Solomon Lewenberg Junior High School, Dorchester.
In 1956 and 1957 construction was begun on the following
Elementary school, Blackinton-Cheverus District, East Boston, capacity 340.
Elementaiy school, Henry Grew District, Hyde Park, capacity 305.
Elementary school, Rice-Franklin District, South End, capacity 795.
Cafeteria and gymnasium, Boston Trade High School, Roxbury.
In 1956 and 1957 preparation of architectural plans were
in process or were completed for the following units:
Elementary school, Martin District. Roxbury, capacity 890.
Elementary school, Dwight District, South End, capacity 610.
Elementary school, Harvard and Warren Districts, Charlestown, capacity 715-
Elementary school, Lowell District, Jamaica Plain, capacity 610.
New Boston Technical High School, Roxbury, capacity 1500.
Eight-room addition, David A. Ellis Elementary School, Roxbury.
Gymnasium, Dorchester High School.
Of modern functional design limited to one or two stories where building sites
permit, all new school structures are planned to provide maximum efficiency in
the use of interior and exterior space.
The new Elihu Greenwood Elementary School (above) is a two=story L=Shaped
building fronting on two streets with play space in the rear. Attractive features
include the auditorium wing on Metropolitan Avenue and the louvres above the
recessed Safford Street entrance for light control.
The Patrick O'Hearn Elementary School (below), which replaces the Elbridge
Smith Elementary School (inset), is a single=story structure in the form of a
quadrangle which encloses a large play area accessible from all classrooms.
Interesting variations in two=story building design are seen on the opposite
page in the front and rear views of the new elementary school on Needham Road,
Hyde Park (above), and the Columbia Point Elementary School, Dorchester
The interior of each building has been planned, furnished, and equipped to
meet the needs of a dynamic educational program; to provide for the comfort,
convenience, health, and safety of pupils and teachers; and to supply space and
facilities for community activities.
All new elementary school buildings have kindergarten rooms; sewing, wood=
working, and health rooms; teacher conference rooms; and well=equipped ad=
ministrative offices in addition to regular classrooms. Eighth grade buildings
also have shops and cooking rooms. The larger buildings have an assembly hall
and playroom, and the smaller buildings have an all=purpose room. In every
building the alI=purpose room or playroom is connected with a kitchenette and is
so located as to be available for neighborhood or community activities as an in=
Spacious classrooms contain child=size movable desks, handwashing facilities,
drinking fountains, wardrobes or lockers, storage spaces, and bookcases of window=
sill height. Large window areas and fixtures of modern design supply excellent
natural and artificial lighting. Generous outdoor play areas are easily accessible
from all classrooms. Many of these features are shown on the pages in this
•) • -, L-.
Projects already completed or in process will replace thirteen buildings similar
in design and construction to these schoolhouses of an earlier period. The long=
range program, as presently planned, provides for the abandonment or demolition
of twenty=five additional structures like these. To replace them will rise modern
school buildings like those on the opposite page.
A modern building with a capacity of 890 pupils will be erected on the site of
the Thomas Dwight Elementary School, Roxbury (below, left). A modern building
with a capacity of 610 pupils will replace the Dwight Elementary School, South
End (above, left) and the Louisa May Alcott Elementary School (not shown).
The demolition of the two wooden buildings provided sites for new structures
which are shown in architects' drawings on the opposite page. The new Elihu
Greenwood Elementary School was completed and ready for occupancy for the 1957
fall term, and the new Henry Grew Elementary School is in the process of con=
struction. Both are in Hyde Park.
Also shown on the opposite page (center) is the architect's drawing of the new
elementary school, capacity 340 pupils, now under construction in the BIack=
inton=Cheverus District, East Boston.
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Maintenance of school buildings is an important and continuing function.
Fifty=eight major projects were completed last year, and more than 8,000 requi=
sitions were processed for general maintenance, including roofing, carpentry,
electrical, and masonry repairs; waterproofing of masonry; installation of emer=
gency lighting; modernization of electric lighting systems and plumbing facili=
ties; improvement of handwashing equipment; interior and exterior painting;
and installation of screens and "grilles to protect windows. More than $500,000
was expended for this work.
In addition, heating equipment was serviced, repaired, and installed at a
cost of $170,000.
However necessary buildings and I
maintenance programs are to the opera= !
tion of a public school system, they are
only the background to the important
activities of the classroom.
In the classroom the child learns
and grows as he seeks and finds answers
under the guidance of competent teach=
ers. He masters subject matter and
shares experiences which carry him
beyond the family group into the larger
world. He learns to meet his responsi=
bilities as a citizen. He lays the founda=
tion for his economic future. He learns
to appreciate moral and cultural values.
He has the will and the social skills to
get along with other people. He dis=
covers his special talents and abilities
and learns to develop them.
In the Boston Public Schools, where
104,000 children and adults were regis=
tered for day and evening classes, the
curriculum is richly varied to achieve
these goals for all students. On the
next few pages are shown some of the
day=to=day activities from kindergarten
through high school.
&i J nMniEnPLF
To prepare students for college or
for careers in business and industry,
high school offers a wide range of
subjects in the following courses of
study: art, business education, college
preparatory, cooperative industrial, gen=
eral, home economics, mechanic arts,
merchandising, and technical prepara=
tory. Selected scenes from classrooms
and shops show students at work in
isuch varied courses as mathematics,
science, airplane mechanics, baking,
cooking, dressmaking, hairdressing, ma=
chine shop practice, and printing.
The physical education program is
based on the needs and interests of
pupils from elementary grades through
A varied after=school sports program
is offered in secondary schools. Girls
may engage in softball, tennis, basket=
ball, swimming, golf, badminton, and
bowling. Athletics and intramural
sports for boys include track, basketball,
baseball, football, hockey, golf, tennis,
and long=boat racing. Military drill is
a required high school subject.
At all football, basketball, track, and
hockey games a doctor is in attendance.
Boys are outfitted with the finest equip=
ment obtainable and are protected
from financial loss from injury by the
Athletic Injury Plan.
Nineteen special schools,
departments, and divi=
sions supplement or par=
allel the work of thei
classroom in meeting the
special needs of individual
pupils. At least five of i
these services, which are
now conducted by public
school systems through=
out the nation, were first
introduced and developed
in Boston. Several of
these services are now.
required by law. The
Home and School Association
Horace Mann School for the
Instruction of Physically Hand=
M. Gertrude Qodvin School
Adult Educational and Recre=
Conservation of Eyesight
Day School for Immigrants
to you /rex
r - 1 eoflom
Pupil Adjustment Counseling
Remedial Reading Classes
Speech Improvement Classes
Well=balanced meals at low cost
bring happy smiles to the faces of
many students. Special lunches
providing one third to one half of
the daily nutritive requirements
were served to the number of
662,971 this year in thirty=three
junior and senior high school
In addition to the special lunch,
which is a complete meal, the
daily menu includes a variety of a
la carte items. No bottled bever=
ages except milk are sold in the
schools, and candy purchases are
limited to one per child during the
last ten minutes of the lunch
In all schools 11,274,028 one=half
pint cartons of milk — an average
of nearly 66,000 daily — were con=
sumed this year. Of these 400,000
were served free to undernourished
I i * ' A
These members of the Class of 1957 were among the 653 graduates of Boston
public high schools who were awarded college freshman scholarships to the value
of nearly $200,000, a substantial increase over the total amount awarded last year.
Since many are renewable as the recipients advance in college, the ultimate
value will be much greater. Scholarships were made available to worthy students
through the generosity of business, civic, educational, fraternal, and military
organizations; high school classes and alumni; various funds and foundations;
and many colleges and universities.
The Community Relations Program of the Boston Public Schools is expanded
and strengthened each year, as cooperative activities build new and stronger ties
between the classroom and the community and provide added opportunities
for pupils to learn habits of thrift and safety, to engage actively in community
service, and to enjoy varied experiences of great value in their preparation for
productive and worthy citizenship.
Community resources are widely employed to supplement regular courses of
study at all levels. The elementary school program, for example, provides for
field trips to the Children's Museum, the Logan Airport, the Mapparium, the
Museum of Science, and local centers of historical interest. Annually more than
12,000 pupils in Grades VII, VIII, and IX are transported by bus to the Aluseum of
Science for planned tours conducted by teachers. In the Civic Education course,
which is now required for all pupils in Grade IX, study units are based on various
community services and agencies and are supplemented by tours and visits.
The schools also cooperate in many excellent programs sponsored by public
and private groups. Elementary school pupils engage in such activities as the
United States Thrift Program, the Junior Red Cross, the Junior Fire Department,
and the M = I Safety Program. Junior and senior high school pupils plan and
produce posters in connection with several annual community=wide programs
to promote civic betterment. High school students participate in a wide variety
of programs including Kiwanis Key Clubs, Junior Rotary, Student Exchange
Day, Student Government Day, Career Day, and Junior Achievement. Ninety=
six pupils from twenty elementary and secondary schools gave 5,786 hours of
service in hospitals and youth agencies in cooperation with the Red Feather
Junior Volunteer Summer Program inaugurated in 1957.
In=service training courses, such as the lecture series on the Control and Pre=>
vention of Delinquency and the Institutes on Making Better Citizens, serve to
enlarge teacher knowledge and understanding of community resources. The
annual Business=Education Day and Education=Business Day Programs (above),
inaugurated on a limited scale in 1955, offer teachers and representatives of
business and industry the opportunity of exchanging visits, with each group
gaining a renewed appreciation of the contributions and needs of the othe .
WHERE THE SCHOOL DOLLAR COMES FROM
Tax Levies 89.2 $26,384,439.88
Estimated Amount to be received by the City
of Boston from the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts under General Laws, Chap-
ter 70 (6.9) 2,047,368.00
Other State Aid :
Vocational Training 717,379 . 00
Horace Mann School for the Deaf 133,000. 00
Americanization Classes 19,000.00
Conservation of Eyesight and Braille Classes 17,000.00
Tuition of State Wards 13,000. 00
Total State Aid 10.0 $2,946,747.00
Vocational Aid 2 63,400. 00
Non-resident Tuition 118,500.00
Sales of Products and Work Done 27,800.00
Unexpended Balances from 1955
for General School Purposes . . . $242,3 1 2 . 22
Less Deficiency in Estimated
Income, 1955 233,433 . 14 8,879 . 08
Total Other Income 6 $189,279.08
Total Net Revenues 100.0 $29,583,865.96*
* Exclusive of interest, sinking fund, and serial debt requirements.
HOW THE SCHOOL DOLLAR IS SPENT —
Instruction 73 . 4 821 ,708,046 . 50
Operation of Plant 11.2 3,326,259.95
Administration 3.5 1,024,281 .02
Auxiliary Services 2.8 817,382.49
Fixed Charges 2.1 617,736.00
Total 93 . 827,493,705. 96
Alterations and Repairs 6.6 81 .952,600 . 00
Land and Buildings 4 1 37,560 . 00
Total Capital Outlay 7.0 $2,090,160. 00f
Total Expenditures 100.0 $29,583,865.96*
* Exclusive of interest, sinking fund, and serial debt requirements.
t Exclusive of new construction financed by bond issues.
City of Boston
Administrative Services Department
Printing ,..„;'■...<, Section
BOSTON PUBLIC U***™
3 9999 06314 356 2